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Practice Name

Lake Howell Animal Clinic

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Primary Location
856 Lake Howell Road
Maitland, FL 32751
Phone: (407) 628-8000
Fax: (407) 628-8412

Office Hours

DayMorningAfternoon
Monday7:00am6:00pm
Tuesday7:00am6:00pm
Wednesday7:00am1:00pm
Thursday7:00am6:00pm
Friday7:00am6:00pm
Saturday8:00am1:00pm
SundayClosedClosed
Main Content

Many people keep pet rats (Rattus norvegicus) and one of the more common illnesses in this species is respiratory disease. The disease may remain hidden until the rat is under stress. Poor nutrition, concurrent infection, advanced age, and inadequate management can all predispose rats to respiratory disease.

Proper husbandry is important in preventing respiratory disease in pet rats. A good quality rat pellet and access to fresh water is a must. Maintain room temperature between 65 to 80º F (18 to 27ºC) (average 72º F or 22ºC), and humidity between 40 to 70%. Highly aromatic bedding, such as cedar shavings and some pine shavings, can cause respiratory irritation so offer low dust beddings such as recycled paper instead. Cages should also be well ventilated and made of durable, smooth, non-porous, and easily cleaned materials such as plastic or non-toxic metal.

Urine breaks down into ammonia and, over time, exposure to strong ammonia fumes promotes the growth of pathogens within the rat respiratory tract. Therefore, frequent cleaning of the rat cage is very important. Also provide as much space per individual rat as possible. Aromatic or pungent cleaning compounds such as Pine-Sol® (The Clorox Company, Oakland, CA), perfumed products, and concentrated bleach can also cause lung damage. It’s better to clean cages and cage furniture in soapy water then soak in a mixture of dilute bleach (one part standard bleach in 20 parts water).

Although most cases of respiratory disease in the rat are multifactorial, the most significant and serious bacterial pathogen is Mycoplasma pulmonis. If this bacteria is at cause, medical therapy should be started as soon as possible since this improves prognosis. Multi-drug therapy is often used and may include tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones, and sulfa drugs. You should also review and make any husbandry changes to ensure that inappropriate temperature or humidity, aromatic or dusty bedding, and/or poor ventilation does not promote respiratory irritation. Rats that survive a bout of Mycoplasma pneumonia frequently develop a latent infection, and recurrence of the disease is common. Infected rats also remain a potential life-long source of disease transmission to new rats.

Orlando Diaz-Figueroa, DVM, MS, Dipl. ABVP (Avian Specialty)

5/11

Veterinary Services

Welcome to Lake Howell Animal Clinic

"Your pet’s health and well-being is our number one concern."

Your Dog, Cat, and Exotics Veterinarian in Maitland, FL
Call us at (407) 628-8000

Veterinary Services:
  • Medical Care

  • Dental Care

  • Orthopedics

  • Surgery

  • Spay/Neuter

  • Critical Care

  • Vaccinations

  • Boarding

  • Diet & Nutrition

  • Referrals

  • Education

Services We strive to provide complete care for our patients. Learn more about all the services we provide. Make An Appointment We will do our best to accommodate your busy schedule. Schedule an appointment today! Online Forms Our patient forms are available online so they can be completed in the convenience of your own home or office.

Testimonial

We like the knowledge of both Dr.Diaz and Dr.Perez so much- we moved from another clinic we had been with for ten years. I highly recommend them both.

- Robin L. / Maitland, FL

I can say with much certainty that not many will do what you (Dr.Diaz) did for me. Not many are out there who have so much benevolence in their heart to help out others, particularly in the medical profession. My heart is filled with thankfulness towards you. I would also like to thank your staff which is equally as loving and caring. They showed tremedous sensitivity towards me and dealt with me in kindness.

- Vijai T. / Maitland, FL

Dr Perez has been the vet for my 3 dogs for over 5 years and I can't say enough good things about her care and the well being she has for my pups. Nancy is also very knowledgeable and wonderful. She takes the time needed to answer all my questions and gives me the best course of action when they're ill.

- Janis L. / Orlando, FL

Office Hours

WE ARE CLOSED FROM 12:00PM - 1:30PM ON MONDAYS, TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS AND FRIDAYS. DROP OFF AND PICK UP FOR OUR BOARDING FACILITY NO LATER THAN 5:00PM ON MONDAYS, TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS AND FRIDAYS AND NO LATER THAN 12:00PM ON WEDNESDAYS AND SATURDAYS.  
DayMorningAfternoon
Monday7:00am6:00pm
Tuesday7:00am6:00pm
Wednesday7:00am1:00pm
Thursday7:00am6:00pm
Friday7:00am6:00pm
Saturday8:00am1:00pm
SundayClosedClosed

4TH OF JULY HOLIDAY HOURS

Lake Howell Animal Clinic will be CLOSED on Wednesday, July 4 and Thursday, July 5. We will open again on Friday, July 6 from 7am-6pm.

If you have an emergency with your pet, please contact the Veterinary Emergency Clinic in Casselberry at 407-644-4449.

Contact

  • (407) 628-8000
  • 856 Lake Howell Road Maitland, FL 32751
  • Get Directions
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