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Practice Name

Lake Howell Animal Clinic

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Primary Location
856 Lake Howell Road
Maitland, FL 32751
Phone: (407) 628-8000
Fax: (407) 628-8412

Office Hours

DayMorningAfternoon
Monday7:00am6:00pm
Tuesday7:00am6:00pm
Wednesday7:00am1:00pm
Thursday7:00am6:00pm
Friday7:00am6:00pm
Saturday8:00am1:00pm
SundayClosedClosed
Main Content

My Mouth Hurts - Jaw Abscesses in Rabbits
 
Common Presentation

One of the first signs bunny parents will notice when a bunny has a jaw abscess is an area of swelling on the face.  In addition, there may be a thick, whitish discharge in or around the mouth and the bunny may be having some difficulty eating or may even have become anorectic. However, it’s interesting to note that when the abscess is first noticed,  most affected rabbits are still behaving normally.

Abscesses can occur anywhere else on the bunny’s body but the most commonly location is in and/or around the jaw (the maxilla or mandible). In these cases, underlying dental disease such as overgrown teeth or roots is usually the cause and should be identified and addressed in conjunction with the appropriate surgical and medical management of the abscess itself. Another cause of jaw abscesses is also traumatically acquired wounds (often bites) that quickly develop into abscesses.

To diagnosis the presence of a jaw abscess, your veterinarian will perform a thorough oral exam and also put the bunny under light anesthesia to take x-rays. Various “views” are usually required so that the the roots of all teeth can be seen and evaluated. To further evaluate the bunny’s health, your vet may also require additional clinical workups such as bloodwork, urinalysis and chest radiographs as well as a culture and sensitivity test of the contents of the abscess.

Causes

Rabbit abscesses are thought to occur as a result of bacteremia though frequently no source of infection or predisposing cause can be found. Current texts suggest that rabbit abscesses are commonly caused by Pasteurella multocida or Staphylococcus aureus infection. However, a variety of other organisms including Pseudomonas, Proteus, and Bacteroides have been cultured. Other bacteria isolated from rabbit dental abscesses include a mixture of anaerobic gram-negative rods (e.g., Fusobacterium spp.), anaerobic gram-positive non-spore-forming rods (e.g., Actinomyces spp.) and aerobic gram-positive cocci (Streptococcus spp.)

Treatment Options

Treatment options vary and your veterinarian will decide which option will work best for your bunny. Options include Open Woundmanagement where the abscess is lanced and cleaned and the wound is left open to drain. This option requires frequent flushing with medicated solutions while the wound heals. Other options could be a complete surgical removal of the abscess or a procedure called Wound Packing where the abscess is opened, cleaned and then packed with antibiotic-infused materials.

Prognosis

The prognosis for facial abscesses in rabbits depends largely on the underlying cause or causes - whether they are arising from the tissues of the teeth or are caused by tooth spurs, bites, or from a foreign body. Your veterinarian will work with you to develop the best treatment plan.

Orlando Diaz-Figueroa, DVM, MS, Dipl. ABVP (Avian Specialty)

Veterinary Services

Welcome to Lake Howell Animal Clinic

"Your pet’s health and well-being is our number one concern."

Your Dog, Cat, and Exotics Veterinarian in Maitland, FL
Call us at (407) 628-8000

Veterinary Services:
  • Medical Care

  • Dental Care

  • Orthopedics

  • Surgery

  • Spay/Neuter

  • Critical Care

  • Vaccinations

  • Boarding

  • Diet & Nutrition

  • Referrals

  • Education

Services We strive to provide complete care for our patients. Learn more about all the services we provide. Make An Appointment We will do our best to accommodate your busy schedule. Schedule an appointment today! Online Forms Our patient forms are available online so they can be completed in the convenience of your own home or office.

Testimonial

We like the knowledge of both Dr.Diaz and Dr.Perez so much- we moved from another clinic we had been with for ten years. I highly recommend them both.

- Robin L. / Maitland, FL

I can say with much certainty that not many will do what you (Dr.Diaz) did for me. Not many are out there who have so much benevolence in their heart to help out others, particularly in the medical profession. My heart is filled with thankfulness towards you. I would also like to thank your staff which is equally as loving and caring. They showed tremedous sensitivity towards me and dealt with me in kindness.

- Vijai T. / Maitland, FL

Dr Perez has been the vet for my 3 dogs for over 5 years and I can't say enough good things about her care and the well being she has for my pups. Nancy is also very knowledgeable and wonderful. She takes the time needed to answer all my questions and gives me the best course of action when they're ill.

- Janis L. / Orlando, FL

Office Hours

WE ARE CLOSED FROM 12:00PM - 1:30PM ON MONDAYS, TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS AND FRIDAYS. DROP OFF AND PICK UP FOR OUR BOARDING FACILITY NO LATER THAN 5:00PM ON MONDAYS, TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS AND FRIDAYS AND NO LATER THAN 12:00PM ON WEDNESDAYS AND SATURDAYS.  
DayMorningAfternoon
Monday7:00am6:00pm
Tuesday7:00am6:00pm
Wednesday7:00am1:00pm
Thursday7:00am6:00pm
Friday7:00am6:00pm
Saturday8:00am1:00pm
SundayClosedClosed

4TH OF JULY HOLIDAY HOURS

Lake Howell Animal Clinic will be CLOSED on Wednesday, July 4 and Thursday, July 5. We will open again on Friday, July 6 from 7am-6pm.

If you have an emergency with your pet, please contact the Veterinary Emergency Clinic in Casselberry at 407-644-4449.

Contact

  • (407) 628-8000
  • 856 Lake Howell Road Maitland, FL 32751
  • Get Directions
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