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Practice Name

Lake Howell Animal Clinic

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Primary Location
856 Lake Howell Road
Maitland, FL 32751
Phone: (407) 628-8000
Fax: (407) 628-8412

Office Hours

DayMorningAfternoon
Monday7:00am6:00pm
Tuesday7:00am6:00pm
Wednesday7:00am1:00pm
Thursday7:00am6:00pm
Friday7:00am6:00pm
Saturday8:00am1:00pm
SundayClosedClosed
Main Content

toxo_ct1Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. The life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii involves an intermediate and a definitive host. A cat will ingest infected raw meat (from a prey such as a rat, mouse or bird) and the parasite is released into the cat's digestive tract. The parasite multiplies in the small intestine (intraintestinal infection) and produce oocysts. These oocysts are then excreted in the cat's feces. Oocysts can survive in the environment for over a year.

During the intraintestinal infection cycle in the cat, some T. gondii organisms may penetrate deeply into the wall of the intestine and multiply as tachyzoites. These tachyzoites then spread out from the intestine to other parts of the cat's body, starting the extraintestinal infection cycle. Eventually, the cat's immune system will have them enter a dormant stage by forming cysts in muscles and brain. These cysts contain bradyzoites, or slowly multiplying organisms.

Symptoms

Most cats infected with Toxoplasma gondii will not show any symptoms.  Disease may occur in cats with suppressed immune systems, including young kittens and cats with feline leukemia virus (FELV) or feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV).  A sick cat may have fever, decreased appetite, lethargy, pneumonia, blindness, circling, head pressing, difficulty chewing and swallowing.

Diagnosis

Toxoplasmosis is usually diagnosed based on the history, symptoms and laboratory tests. Sometimes the oocysts can be found in the feces, but this is not a reliable method of diagnosis because they look similar to other parasites.

Treatment

Treatment of toxoplasmosis is based on an antibiotic called Clindamycin. Treatment must be started as soon as possible after diagnosis and continued for several days after signs have disappeared. There is no vaccine available at this time for toxoplasmosis.

Can I be infected?

Owning a cat does not mean you will be infected with the disease. You will not get infected by touching a cat or through bites and scratches. Indoor cats that do not hunt prey or are not fed raw meat are not likely to be infected with T. gondii. In the United States, people are more likely to become infected through eating raw meat than from handling cat feces.

There are two human groups at high risk for infection with Toxoplasma gondii; pregnant women and immunodeficient individuals. Women who are infected during pregnancy will not have any symptoms.  The majority of infants do not show signs at birth either. However, later in life they may develop loss of vision and hearing, mental retardation, and death in severe cases.  In immunocompromised people (cancer, organ transplant, AIDS, etc.) you may see enlargement of the lymph nodes, respiratory disease and heart disease.

Nydia Melissa Perez, DVM

Veterinary Services

Welcome to Lake Howell Animal Clinic

"Your pet’s health and well-being is our number one concern."

Your Dog, Cat, and Exotics Veterinarian in Maitland, FL
Call us at (407) 628-8000

Veterinary Services:
  • Medical Care

  • Dental Care

  • Orthopedics

  • Surgery

  • Spay/Neuter

  • Critical Care

  • Vaccinations

  • Boarding

  • Diet & Nutrition

  • Referrals

  • Education

Services We strive to provide complete care for our patients. Learn more about all the services we provide. Make An Appointment We will do our best to accommodate your busy schedule. Schedule an appointment today! Online Forms Our patient forms are available online so they can be completed in the convenience of your own home or office.

Testimonial

We like the knowledge of both Dr.Diaz and Dr.Perez so much- we moved from another clinic we had been with for ten years. I highly recommend them both.

- Robin L. / Maitland, FL

I can say with much certainty that not many will do what you (Dr.Diaz) did for me. Not many are out there who have so much benevolence in their heart to help out others, particularly in the medical profession. My heart is filled with thankfulness towards you. I would also like to thank your staff which is equally as loving and caring. They showed tremedous sensitivity towards me and dealt with me in kindness.

- Vijai T. / Maitland, FL

Dr Perez has been the vet for my 3 dogs for over 5 years and I can't say enough good things about her care and the well being she has for my pups. Nancy is also very knowledgeable and wonderful. She takes the time needed to answer all my questions and gives me the best course of action when they're ill.

- Janis L. / Orlando, FL

Office Hours

WE ARE CLOSED FROM 12:00PM - 1:30PM ON MONDAYS, TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS AND FRIDAYS. DROP OFF AND PICK UP FOR OUR BOARDING FACILITY NO LATER THAN 5:00PM ON MONDAYS, TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS AND FRIDAYS AND NO LATER THAN 12:00PM ON WEDNESDAYS AND SATURDAYS.  
DayMorningAfternoon
Monday7:00am6:00pm
Tuesday7:00am6:00pm
Wednesday7:00am1:00pm
Thursday7:00am6:00pm
Friday7:00am6:00pm
Saturday8:00am1:00pm
SundayClosedClosed

4TH OF JULY HOLIDAY HOURS

Lake Howell Animal Clinic will be CLOSED on Wednesday, July 4 and Thursday, July 5. We will open again on Friday, July 6 from 7am-6pm.

If you have an emergency with your pet, please contact the Veterinary Emergency Clinic in Casselberry at 407-644-4449.

Contact

  • (407) 628-8000
  • 856 Lake Howell Road Maitland, FL 32751
  • Get Directions
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